Field research of the Institute


Virovitica-Kiškorija jug

Settlement, town, county: Virovitica, Virovitica, Virovitica-Podravina

Site type: stratified settlement

Period: Antiquity, Early Middle Ages

Type of excavation: salvage

Institution: Institute of Archaeology

Excavation manager: Dr Kristina Jelinčić Vučković (2005)

The salvage archaeological investigations on the route of the western bypass of the Virovitica town were carried out between the 13th May and 9th July 2005. The site is situated between the village of Korija and the western entrance to Virovitica, adjacent to the Podravina main road.

The excavations uncovered the remains of Roman and mediaeval settlements, clustering on two elevated positions separated by a 50 m distance. This discontinuation may have been due to the terrain configuration, because at that point the terrain descends, which causes abundant accumulation of water during rainy days. Alternatively, it may have been due to the internal organization of the settlement – an economy- or clan-based division.

The remains of the Roman road Poetovio-Mursa were discovered at several places at the foot of Mount Bilogora, which rises to the south of this site. The settlement excavated at this location existed between the 2nd century AD to the mid-5th century. It owes its continuing and intensive existence to the proximity of that road, but also of the Drava river as an alternative communication route. These two routes provided the village with the means to develop trade and contacts with other towns and settlements of the Roman Empire. In spite of that, the import of foreign goods was small and so was, generally speaking, the extent of Romanization before Late Antiquity. This comes to the fore in the movable archaeological material, which exhibits clear local traditions that date back to prehistory, but also in the organization of habitation. The dwellings are pit-houses and above-ground houses made of wooden posts and mud. The most common finds are potsherds, mostly of local manufacture, with features that point to prehistoric traditions. In addition to pottery, iron tools, glass jewellery, bronze objects and some slag were found.

Next to the mentioned road there were settlements offering necessary services to travellers: accommodation, change of horses, repairs, food etc. Settlements mentioned in the wider Virovitica area include Cocconis (presumably near Špišić Bukovica), Sirotis/Serota (close to Virovitica) and Bolentio (present-day Orešac) (Itinerarium Hierosolymitanum, 560-63, Itinerarium Antonini 129-31). In addition to these major settlements, documented on itineraries, there were also minor villages (vici, pagi) and countryside villas along the road that were not registered in the sources. The settlement investigated here is one of many settlements that followed roads, towns and villas, forming a single economic unit.

Radiocarbon analyses of five samples corroborated the analysis of Roman archaeological finds, allowing us to assert that this Roman village existed from the 2nd century AD until the 5th century.

In addition to the Roman settlement, the investigations also uncovered the remains of a mediaeval one, which, based on the analysis of pottery, backed with absolute dates, was attributed to two basic horizons: I – an older one from the end of the 8th and the 9th century, and a younger one, divided into horizon IIa – the end of the 9th and the beginning of the 10th century, and horizon IIb – the second third of the 10th century. The early mediaeval settlement Virovitica Kiškorija south, although small in terms of the excavated area, provided important information on the ways an early mediaeval rural community functioned in the Podravina area, and it is one of the few archaeologically excavated and analysed settlements of this kind in northern Croatia.




Ova stranica koristi kolačiće. Neki od tih kolačića nužni su za ispravno funkcioniranje stranice, dok nam drugi služe za praćenje korištenja stranice radi poboljšanja korisničkog iskustva. Za više informacija pogledajte našu Uporabu “Kolačića”.

Obavezni kolačići


Kolačići koji su nužni za ispravno funkcioniranje stranice. Moguće ih je onemogućiti u postavkama preglednika.

Analitički kolačići


Kolačići koji služe za praćenje korištenja stranice radi poboljšanja korisničkog iskustva.