Field research of the Institute


Sveta Ana-Gradina

Settlement, town, county: Sveta Ana, Đurđevac, Koprivnica-Križevci

Site type: elevated earthen fortification

Period: Late Middle Ages

Type of excavation: test excavation

Institution: Institute of Archaeology

Excavation manager: Dr Tatjana Tkalčec (2010)

The site is situated on a steep hill right above the village of Sv. Ana, at the altitude of 215.36 m a.s.l. The earthen fortification rises around 40 m above the village. It consists of a higher, prominent northern elevation, of an elongated oval to almost rectangular layout, measuring 32.5 x 19.5 m (N-S x E-W), and a smaller elevation in the south (possibly a guardhouse controlling the access?), with a complex of a ditch and bank. Between them runs a ditch around 20 m wide at the base. The entire complex includes also a large natural plateau on a lower position east of the main elevation.

The short four-day investigation yielded extraordinary results that have broadened our knowledge about this type of site, which is presently still insufficiently investigated in Croatia. The excavated test trench measuring 10 x 1.5 m covered the western peripheral part of the main elevation, extending towards the centre of the earthen fortification. Two cultural horizons with a series of post-holes belonging to a timber structure were ascertained, as well as several refuse pits with finds of late mediaeval tableware and kitchenware, animal bones and a few glass and metal objects. The densely laid out post-holes belonging to supporting timber posts and their relatively large diameters seem to point to the existence of a timber construction that may have supported a massive building, possibly a timber fortification. Alternatively, based on the finds of tableware, this may have been a residential tower of a nobleman. Nevertheless, for a more precise definition and determination of the layout of this potential structure, a larger area should be investigated. Based on the typo-chronological analysis, the ceramic assemblage from the test excavation at Sveta Ana-Gradina can be attributed to the period between the 13th and the mid-15th century. Radiocarbon analyses point to an even older date (the first half of the 13th century).




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