Within the framework of this research area, the focus is on the influence the natural environment (climatic conditions, geological configuration etc.) has on humans, as well as how humans transform the natural environment into a cultural landscape by using its resources and by responding to their own needs in the time in which they live. The landscape thus reflects the various forms of interaction between humans and their natural environment, the various ways this environment is used, the spiritual relationship with it, the social features of the communities and human creativity in general.
The research that takes landscape as a paradigm is focused on settlements, fortifications, cemeteries, workshop centres, spiritual uses of space etc. in order to associate the physical environment and material objects with the cultural context and symbolic meanings. Research is based on an interdisciplinary approach, using all the available archaeological methods.